Historically, relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia have always oscillated between cooperation and mistrust of insecurity and rapprochement. This is because of the historical enmity between the two nations of the Ottoman era. IIA Navigator This IIAs database – the IIA Navigator – is managed by the IIA section of UNCTAD. You can browse THE IIAs that are completed by a given country or group of countries, view the recently concluded IIAs, or use advanced research for sophisticated research tailored to your needs. Please mention: UNCTAD, International Investment Agreements Navigator, available in investmentpolicy.unctad.org/international-investment-agreements/ A secret annex of the treaty called the “Declaration of Amnesty” granted immunity to the perpetrators of all crimes committed between 1914 and 1922 in particular the Armenian genocide, the Assyrian genocide and the Greek genocide, which were then illegal under international law.   The treaty thus put an end to efforts to prosecute Ottoman war criminals.   Thus, the treaty codified impunity for the Armenian genocide.  Uysal noted that bilateral relations between the two countries deteriorated after the 2011 Arab Spring and improved considerably under the reign of King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. After the election of Joe Biden, who criticized the two countries` human rights record, as president of the United States in November 2020, Saudi Arabia and Turkey tried to reconcile.
  Foreign Minister Fayçal bin Farhan called relations “good and friendly” and rejected allegations that Saudi Arabia was committed to informally boycotting Turkish goods.  Saudi Arabia is also trying to end the blockade on Qatar, Turkey`s ally.  Nevertheless, Saudi Arabia`s alliance with Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, the two Arab states openly hostile to Turkey, has made it questionable, with the UAE having considerable influence on Saudi affairs and Saudi Arabia`s support for Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.   The growing anti-Turkish alliance between Saudi Arabia and Israel, which has maintained increasingly tense relations with Turkey since 2010, was also ineffective with Israel, the day before the Saudi attempt to reconcile with Turkey, which allowed Saudi charities in East Jerusalem to be an act of entration of Turkish influence and organizations active in that country.  Turkey and Saudi Arabia were initially in alliance when the Arab Spring broke out, mainly because of the Syrian civil war, with Ankara and Riyadh openly opposing Bashar al-Assad, and Saudi Arabia and Turkey thus financed the various anti-Assad forces in the conflict in the hope of ousting the Syrian dictator.    However, Turkey also expressed support for the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), which was rejected by Saudi Arabia, which had created a turbulent atmosphere in Riyadh.