1.36 The agreement. In 1987, Canada signed the Montreal Protocol on ozone-depleting substances (Montreal Protocol). The Montreal Protocol aims to protect the ozone layer by taking steps to control and ultimately eliminate the substances that deplete it. Since it came into force in 1989, 187 countries have become parties to the Montreal Protocol. It has also been modified several times by the addition of new ozone-depleting substances and by the acceleration of the abandonment of existing substances. Although most governments have ratified the Montreal Protocol, ratification of subsequent amendments and stricter controls are lagging behind. Canada has ratified all the amendments. 1.76 The various information we examined do not provide sufficient guidance on the state of marine oil pollution. Transport Canada has also sought to gather information from the various marine pollution prevention programs, but has provided only limited evidence that it has analyzed the problem, assessed the effectiveness of existing prevention and surveillance programs, or clearly defined the expected environmental outcomes of these programs. For the data at the bottom of this page, you will find snapshots on environmental agreements, CO2 emissions and renewable energy by country. The sequenced number of a parentage is a numbering system designed to display the legal sequence of agreements using the following conventions: Object lists are simply lists of agreements that contain the same words or phrases. Thus, there are a variety of IEAs that protect birds in different ways, but they are elements of very different legal lines that have been signed by different countries from different regions and have no legal ties to each other. 1.122 This may be less of a concern if the objective of an agreement is clearly consistent with the department`s mandate and responsibilities, as there is less uncertainty about its role as a leading division.
However, if the purpose and obligations of an agreement concern more than one federal department or federal authority or require coordination with other legal systems (. B, for example, provinces and territories), the potential consequences of ambiguous roles and responsibilities are much greater. 1.30 Knowing whether the environmental objectives and expected outcomes of the agreements will be achieved is a prerequisite for the effectiveness of accountability. We want to know whether the relevant federal departments know to what extent the concrete objectives of the selected international environmental agreements are being achieved. In this regard, we examined whether departments had information on environmental outcomes against the objectives that the government has committed to and whether they could demonstrate adequate security in the quality of this information. For each of the five international environmental agreements, we have opted for a central environmental objective of the agreement, which must be examined.